Shaviro’s Connected

Steve Shaviro
Connected, or What it Means to Live in the Networked Society
Area: Digital Media

•    Warhol: “Once your see emotions from a certain angle you can never think of them as real again”
o    Aesthetic Disinterest
•    Semiotic AIDS: Ambient Information Distress Syndrome: fugue states and catonia
•    You can’t get rid of old information fast/efficiently enough to accommodate for the new
•    Rorty: the “idea” idea—Cartesian notion that the mind is like a theater in which consciousness is a detached spectator that contemplates and manipulates special objects of inner sense
o    83: “But the representationalist approach remains alive and well in other fields, most notable in AI research and in cognitive science.  Cognitive scientists start from the assumption, not that computers should be understood by comparison to human minds, but rather that human minds themselves can already be understood in terms of computers.”
•    Brain like a computer isn’t just some rough analogy—actually is some device
•    Information or intellectual property has no aura; it’s fully subjected to the rules of commerce and realized exclusively in the form of exchange value
•    Baudrillard: the market no longer has exchange value—no relation to reality whatsoever
•    112: “On the one hand, the world seems phone, or unreal, precisely because so much of it is virtual.  On the other hand, and at the same time, virtuality is the one saving grace that makes up for the world’s otherwise chronic unreality.”
•    29: “I do not find myself in the network, having fallen or been thrown.  Rather, I exist for the network.  I am predestined to it.  From the moment I get connected, I am irreversibly bound to its protocols and its finality.”
•    Lyotard: in a postmodern world, there’s no Grand Narrative, but a multitude of competing ones
•    Massumi: the digital is always sandwiched between an analog disappearance into a code and an analog appearance out of code”
•    130: “The material form of the culture of real virtuality, says Castells, is a new articulation of our experience of space and time.  A ‘space of flows’ displaces the familiar ‘space of places,’ while a ‘timeless time’ annihilates traditional cyclical time and industrial clock time alike.”
•    Castells: blackholes of informational capitalism
•    Derrida: determination of a noncenter rather than a loss of center
•    Feedback loops induce effects of interference, amplification, and resonance
•    D & G: cyperspace is haptic, not an optical space—close connection
•    Cyborg—“a human being whose body has been taken over in while or in part by electromechanical devices”
•    “Leaky distinctions”: Haraway
•    “Each spectacle is a monad—entirely self-contained yet connected”
•    Deleuze: moving away from disciplinary societies of Foucault→ control societies
o    Operate through continuous control and instant communication
•    Formal subsumption of labor under capital via Empire
o    167: “This also means that the Count is captured by what Marx calls the formal subsumption of labor under capital: one of the ‘processes whereby capital incorporates under its own relations of production laboring practices that originated outside its domain.”
•    The virtual illuminates the actual, but it’s nothing without the actual’s support
•    Kurzweil: “copying” the brain is ridiculous—the downloaded brain needs a new body
•    145-6: “All this is consonant with Fredric Jameson’s sense of the postmodern era as one in which historical time ‘remains forever out of reach,’ evoked only through the nostalgia of ‘pop images and simulacra’ and in which there has been a ‘prodigious expansion of culture throughout the social realm, to the point at which everything in our social life—from economic value and state power to practices and to the very structure of the psyche itself—can be said to have become ‘cultural’ in some original and yet untheorized sense.”
•    Zizek: simultaneously connected and alone
•    250: ‘[Science fiction] does not actually represent the future.  Rather, it involves both the present and the future, while being reducible to neither.  For science fiction is about the shadow that the future casts upon the present.  It shows us how profoundly we are haunted by the ghosts of what has not yet happened.”


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October 2008
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